AAO Color Codes for Eyedrops

The American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) has been attempting to reduce errors in ophthalmic drops since the mid-90’s with the advocacy of a uniform color coded system for topical ocular medications. This standardized color system would then theoretically help patients and providers identify medications correctly and reduce errors both inpatient and outpatient.

Citing the high degree of “look alike sound alike” medications in topical ocular medications, the AAO worked in conjunction with the FDA and pharmaceutical industry executives to develop industry recommendations for drug classes and color codes detailed below:

- compiled & published by Dr Dhaval Patel MD AIIMS