Fathers in Ophthalmology

o   Father of ophthalmology: George Beer

o   Father of vitreoretinal surgery: Machemer

o   father of clinical perimetry: Eduard Von Jaeger

o   The Father of the Automated Perimeter: Franz Fankhauser

o   father of retinal detachment surgery: Jules Gonin

o   father of modern cataract surgery: Jacques Daviel

o   father of lamellar corneal refractive surgery: Jose I. Barraquer

o   father of strabismus surgery: Dieffenbach

o   the 'father of ophthalmological history: Julius Hirschberg

o   Albrecht von Graefe (1828–1870) (Germany) Along with Helmholtz and Donders, one of the 'founding fathers' of ophthalmology as a specialty.

o   Father of modern retinal surgery: Charles Schepens (Belgium)

o   Father of Modern Philippine Ophthalmology: Dr de Ocampo

o   Georg Bartisch, the father of German ophthalmology

o   Father of Phaco: Charles D. Kelman

o   father of pars plana vitrectomy: Robert Machemer

o   Victor Szokalski is considered to be the father of Polish ophthalmology.

o   Ibn al-Haytham (Alhazen) is known as father of optics

o   Sushruta: The father of Indian surgery and ophthalmology

o   father of the subspecialty of Neuro-ophthalmology: Dr Frank Walsh

o   father of macular diseases: Donald M Gass

o   Dr. John Kearney, Rodgers and Dr. Edward Delafield, two of the most distinguished physicians and surgeons in New York, who may be called the fathers of American ophthalmology

o   Frederick H. Verhoeff, M.D., the father of ophthalmic pathology in the United States

o   Professor Josef Bille from the University Heidelberg in Germany has filed almost 100 patents in the field of ophthalmology and is considered the "father" of laser eye corrections.

o   R. Townley Paton, MD, father of modern eye banking and founder of the first eye bank established in the U.S

o   fathers of gonioscopy: Maximilian Salzmann & Alexios Trantas

o   Father of Keratoprosthesis: Guillaume Pellier de Quengsy in 1789

o   Father of glaucoma drainage implants: Molteno

* Florent Cunier, the father of Belgian Ophthalmology and founder of the Annales d´Oculistique. Disputed founder (with Dieffenbach) of Strabismus Surgery.

* Prof Lalit Prakash Agarwal- Father of Modern Indian Ophthalmology

- compiled & published by Dr Dhaval Patel MD AIIMS