Aptamers (from the Latin aptus - fit, and Greek meros - part) are oligonucleic acid or peptide molecules that bind to a specific target molecule.
pellucid, meaning clear
Limbus: border in latin
The term lagophthalmos comes from the Greek word for hare (lagos) because rabbits were thought to sleep with their eyes open.
pagetoid spread: distinctive histological pattern of epidermal infiltration of Paget's cells has led to the use of the term “pagetoid spread” to indicate any condition where cells are distributed singly and in small groups throughout an epithelial layer. For eye pathology, you need to remember sebaceous gland carcinoma.
The word "trachoma", derived from ancient Greek, means “rough eye”, presumably due to the “cobblestone” appearance
Canthus= Greek word “kanthas” = angle
Levator palpebrae superioris = In Latin, “levator” = to lift, “palpebrae” = an eyelid, superioris = upper
Caruncle = Latin word means flesh.
Plica semilunaris = Latin word “Plicare” = to fold, “semilunaris” = half moon.
Tarsus = Greek word means flat, Ancient greeks used to call various flat object as tarsus- suchas wing of bird, blades of sword.
Chalazion= A Greek word which means “hailstones”.
Papilla= A Latin word means elevation
Punctum= A Latin word means point
Lacrima = Latin word for tear
Conjunctiva = “conjoin” = to join = as this structure (mucous membrane) joins eyeball to the lids.
Pterygium = In Greek means wing (of a butterfly)
Pinguicula = Greek “ pinguis” = fat
Cornea = “Kerato” or Latin " cornu" means horn like. Ancient greeks used to believe that cornea is derived from thinly sliced horn of animal.